Thursday, February 6, 2020
Starbucks international business - Assignment Example The rise of business opportunity in different markets is creating a strong appeal in terms of market attractiveness to the firms located in the global markets. The factor of market attractiveness is resulting in the entry of firms in to new geographical locations. It is important to highlight that the entry of the firms in different foreign markets around the world is continuously raising the level of competition in the marketplaces. This assignment focuses on the international business aspects of Starbucks. In a more elaborate manner, it can be said that this assignment focuses on analyzing the international business activities of Starbucks as well as understanding the challenges that they face for being present in an international business. This assignment also aims to evaluate the business stage of Starbucks and make necessary recommendations. Analysis of international business activities Starbucks is a widely popular beverage brand of the United States, which has presence in mult iple markets around the world. ... In the current times, the company produces and sources its highly specific Arabica coffee from various international markets like Latin America, Africa as well as Asia (Pashman, Ã¢â¬Å"Do You Know Where Your Coffee Beans Come From?Ã¢â¬ ). While analyzing the international business activities of Starbucks, the factor of international expansion of Starbucks also has to be taken into account. The highly popular news site Forbes has reported that under the leadership of President and CEO, Howard Schultz, the company has designed some very ambitious international expansion plans. The international expansion plans are highly organic in nature and focuses largely on penetrating in the emerging markets of the east like India and China. The company has plans of opening around 1300 stores in various markets around the world, out of which around 600 stores will be opened in the market of China (Loeb, Ã¢â¬Å"Starbucks: Global Coffee Giant Has New Growth PlansÃ¢â¬ ). Talking in regards to the long term expansion plans of the company, it can be stated that the current management aims to open around 1500 stores in China by the close of the year 2015 (Trefis Team, Ã¢â¬Å"Starbucks U.S. Growth Will Remain Solid While Overseas Expansion ContinuesÃ¢â¬ ). Challenges for Starbucks as an International Corporation While analyzing the challenges that exist for Starbucks, focus has to be given to the fact that Starbucks is an international brand which enjoys presence in multiple global markets. The most important challenge for Starbucks is the level of competition. Since the main offering of Starbucks is beverage, hence the brand faces competition of both primary and secondary nature. The primary competition of Starbucks arises from the multiple
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
The Relation Between L1 and L2 Proficiency Essay Investigations of the relationships between L1 and L2 contextualized and decontextualized language skills among immigrant students will be reviewed according to the background of the students involved. The three major categories are Finnish students in Sweden, Hispanic students in the United States, and Asian students in the United States and Canada. The some additional evidence from bilingual programs involving both majority and minority students will be reviewed and finally we will examine studies involving adult L2 learners. According to some researchers, the defining difference between a first language (L1) and a second language (L2) is the age the person learned the language. For example, linguist Eric Lenneberg used second language to mean a language consciously acquired or used by its speaker after puberty. In most cases, people never achieve the same level of fluency and comprehension in their second languages as in their first language. These views are closely associated with the Critical Period Hypothesis. In acquiring an L2, Hyltenstam (1992) found that around the age of six or seven seemed to be a cut-off point for bilinguals to achieve native-like proficiency. After that age, L2 learners could get near-native-like-ness but their language would, while consisting of few actual errors, have enough errors to set them apart from the L1 group. The inability of some subjects to achieve native-like proficiency must be seen in relation to the age of onset (AO). Ã¢â¬Å"The age of 6 or 8 does seem to be an important period in distinguishing between near-native and native-like ultimate attainment More specifically, it may be suggested that AO interacts with frequency and intensity of language useÃ¢â¬ (Hyltenstam, 1992, p. 364). Later, Hyltenstam Abrahamsson (2003) modified their age cut-offs to argue that after childhood, in general, it becomes more and more difficult to acquire native-like-ness, but that there is no cut-off point in particular. Furthermore, they discuss a number of cases where a native-like L2 was acquired during adulthood. As we are learning more and more about the brain, there is a hypothesis that when a child is going through puberty, that is the time that accents start. Before a child goes through puberty, the chemical processes in the brain are more geared towards language and social communication. Whereas after puberty, the ability for learning a language without an accent has been rerouted to function in another area of the brainÃ¢â¬âmost likely in the frontal lobe area promoting cognitive functions, or in the neural system of hormone allocated for reproduction and sexual organ growth.
Monday, January 20, 2020
In a showdown of the sexes on Friday, Johnstone Professor of Psychology Steven Pinker and Professor of Psychology Elizabeth Spelke debated whether innate differences lead to the underrepresentation of tenured women in math and the sciences. In front of a packed Science Center B crowd, they analyzed the data behind University President Lawrence H. SummersÃ¢â¬â¢ controversial January comments on women in science. Pinker, whom Summers recruited to Harvard last year, cited evidence arguing that male superiority in skills like mental object rotation and problem solving provides a biological basis for the argument that men are more talented at math and science. Spelke countered, acknowledging the existence of differences between men and women, but arguing that the reason Ã¢â¬Å"women are as scarce as henÃ¢â¬â¢s teethÃ¢â¬ in academia is due to discrimination. Ã¢â¬Å"The debate is not, Ã¢â¬Ëare there sex differences,Ã¢â¬â¢ itÃ¢â¬â¢s, Ã¢â¬Ëdo they add up to an advantage for one gender over the other,Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ Spelke reminded the audience. Prefacing his comments by saying that he was a feminist, Pinker stressed the importance of distinguishing between the moral and empirical claims about gender differences. Ã¢â¬Å"The truth cannot be sexist,Ã¢â¬ he said. Though Spelke attacked his yardstick indicatorÃ¢â¬âthe SAT mathematics examinationsÃ¢â¬âPinker maintained that Ã¢â¬Å"the tests are very good. They have an enormous amount of predictive power.Ã¢â¬ Pinker also noted that men and women tend to have different priorities in life; men seek status and money, while women look more for interpersonal relationships. Ã¢â¬Å"What this means is that there are slightly more men than women who donÃ¢â¬â¢t care whether or not they have a life,Ã¢â¬ Pinker said. Spelke did not address the argument about motives directly, saying that she did not think there was evidence available to evaluate the claim that motives are biologically determined. She focused on proving the existence of covert discrimination by looking at how gender stereotypes influence the way men and women are perceived. She presented studies in which employers were given identical resumesÃ¢â¬âwith only the candidateÃ¢â¬â¢s gender switchedÃ¢â¬âthat found that men were perceived as being more productive than women. She admitted, however, that Ã¢â¬Å"weÃ¢â¬â¢re not dealing with overt discrimination,Ã¢â¬ saying that in unambiguous situations, where one candidate is clearly superior to the other, there is no evidence of sex discrimination. Pinker later noted that women are not underrepresented everywhere, but only in the hard sciences. Several audience members said they thought the evening concluded in SpelkeÃ¢â¬â¢s favor.
Sunday, January 12, 2020
CHAPTER 73 Bourget Airfield's night shift air traffic controller had been dozing before a blank radar screen when the captain of the Judicial Police practically broke down his door. Ã¢â¬Å"Teabing's jet,Ã¢â¬ Bezu Fache blared, marching into the small tower,Ã¢â¬ where did it go?Ã¢â¬ The controller's initial response was a babbling, lame attempt to protect the privacy of their British client Ã¢â¬â one of the airfield's most respected customers. It failed miserably. Ã¢â¬Å"Okay,Ã¢â¬ Fache said,Ã¢â¬ I am placing you under arrest for permitting a private plane to take off without registering a flight plan.Ã¢â¬ Fache motioned to another officer, who approached with handcuffs, and the traffic controller felt a surge of terror. He thought of the newspaper articles debating whether the nation's police captain was a hero or a menace. That question had just been answered. Ã¢â¬Å"Wait!Ã¢â¬ the controller heard himself whimper at the sight of the handcuffs. Ã¢â¬Å"I can tell you this much. Sir Leigh Teabing makes frequent trips to London for medical treatments. He has a hangar at Biggin Hill Executive Airport in Kent. On the outskirts of London.Ã¢â¬ Fache waved off the man with the cuffs. Ã¢â¬Å"Is Biggin Hill his destination tonight?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I don't know,Ã¢â¬ the controller said honestly. Ã¢â¬Å"The plane left on its usual tack, and his last radar contact suggested the United Kingdom. Biggin Hill is an extremely likely guess.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Did he have others onboard?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I swear, sir, there is no way for me to know that. Our clients can drive directly to their hangars, and load as they please. Who is onboard is the responsibility of the customs officials at the receiving airport.Ã¢â¬ Fache checked his watch and gazed out at the scattering of jets parked in front of the terminal. Ã¢â¬Å"If they're going to Biggin Hill, how long until they land?Ã¢â¬ The controller fumbled through his records. Ã¢â¬Å"It's a short flight. His plane could be on the ground byÃ¢â¬ ¦ around six-thirty. Fifteen minutes from now.Ã¢â¬ Fache frowned and turned to one of his men. Ã¢â¬Å"Get a transport up here. I'm going to London. And get me the Kent local police. Not British MI5. I want this quiet. Kent local.Tell them I want Teabing's plane to be permitted to land. Then I want it surrounded on the tarmac. Nobody deplanes until I get there.Ã¢â¬ CHAPTER 74 Ã¢â¬Å"You're quiet,Ã¢â¬ Langdon said, gazing across the Hawker's cabin at Sophie. Ã¢â¬Å"Just tired,Ã¢â¬ she replied. Ã¢â¬Å"And the poem. I don't know.Ã¢â¬ Langdon was feeling the same way. The hum of the engines and the gentle rocking of the plane were hypnotic, and his head still throbbed where he'd been hit by the monk. Teabing was still in the back of the plane, and Langdon decided to take advantage of the moment alone with Sophie to tell her something that had been on his mind. Ã¢â¬Å"I think I know part of the reason why your grandfather conspired to put us together. I think there's something he wanted me to explain to you.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"The history of the Holy Grail and Mary Magdalene isn't enough?Ã¢â¬ Langdon felt uncertain how to proceed. Ã¢â¬Å"The rift between you. The reason you haven't spoken to him in ten years. I think maybe he was hoping I could somehow make that right by explaining what drove you apart.Ã¢â¬ Sophie squirmed in her seat. Ã¢â¬Å"I haven't told you what drove us apart.Ã¢â¬ Langdon eyed her carefully. Ã¢â¬Å"You witnessed a sex rite. Didn't you?Ã¢â¬ Sophie recoiled. Ã¢â¬Å"How do you know that?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Sophie, you told me you witnessed something that convinced you your grandfather was in a secret society. And whatever you saw upset you enough that you haven't spoken to him since. I know a fair amount about secret societies. It doesn't take the brains of Da Vinci to guess what you saw.Ã¢â¬ Sophie stared. Ã¢â¬Å"Was it in the spring?Ã¢â¬ Langdon asked. Ã¢â¬Å"Sometime around the equinox? Mid-March?Ã¢â¬ Sophie looked out the window. Ã¢â¬Å"I was on spring break from university. I came home a few days early.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"You want to tell me about it?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I'd rather not.Ã¢â¬ She turned suddenly back to Langdon, her eyes welling with emotion. Ã¢â¬Å"I don't know what I saw.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Were both men and women present?Ã¢â¬ After a beat, she nodded.Ã¢â¬ Dressed in white and black?Ã¢â¬ She wiped her eyes and then nodded, seeming to open up a little. Ã¢â¬Å"The women were in white gossamer gownsÃ¢â¬ ¦ with golden shoes. They held golden orbs. The men wore black tunics and black shoes.Ã¢â¬ Langdon strained to hide his emotion, and yet he could not believe what he was hearing. Sophie Neveu had unwittingly witnessed a two-thousand-year-old sacred ceremony. Ã¢â¬Å"Masks?Ã¢â¬ he asked, keeping his voice calm. Ã¢â¬Å"Androgynous masks?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Yes. Everyone. Identical masks. White on the women. Black on the men.Ã¢â¬ Langdon had read descriptions of this ceremony and understood its mystic roots. Ã¢â¬Å"It's called Hieros Gamos,Ã¢â¬ he said softly. Ã¢â¬Å"It dates back more than two thousand years. Egyptian priests and priestesses performed it regularly to celebrate the reproductive power of the female,Ã¢â¬ He paused, leaning toward her. Ã¢â¬Å"And if you witnessed Hieros Gamos without being properly prepared to understand its meaning, I imagine it would be pretty shocking.Ã¢â¬ Sophie said nothing. Ã¢â¬Å"Hieros Gamos is Greek,Ã¢â¬ he continued. Ã¢â¬Å"It means sacred marriage.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"The ritual I saw was no marriage.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Marriage as in union, Sophie.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"You mean as in sex.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No?Ã¢â¬ she said, her olive eyes testing him. Langdon backpedaled. Ã¢â¬Å"WellÃ¢â¬ ¦ yes, in a manner of speaking, but not as we understand it today.Ã¢â¬ He explained that although what she saw probably looked like a sex ritual, Hieros Gamos had nothing to do with eroticism. It was a spiritual act. Historically, intercourse was the act through which male and female experienced God. The ancients believed that the male was spiritually incomplete until he had carnal knowledge of the sacred feminine. Physical union with the female remained the sole means through which man could become spiritually complete and ultimately achieve gnosis Ã¢â¬â knowledge of the divine. Since the days of Isis, sex rites had been considered man's only bridge from earth to heaven. Ã¢â¬Å"By communing with woman,Ã¢â¬ Langdon said,Ã¢â¬ man could achieve a climactic instant when his mind went totally blank and he could see God.Ã¢â¬ Sophie looked skeptical. Ã¢â¬Å"Orgasm as prayer?Ã¢â¬ Langdon gave a noncommittal shrug, although Sophie was essentially correct. Physiologically speaking, the male climax was accompanied by a split second entirely devoid of thought. A brief mental vacuum. A moment of clarity during which God could be glimpsed. Meditation gurus achieved similar states of thoughtlessness without sex and often described Nirvana as a never- ending spiritual orgasm. Ã¢â¬Å"Sophie,Ã¢â¬ Langdon said quietly,Ã¢â¬ it's important to remember that the ancients' view of sex was entirely opposite from ours today. Sex begot new life Ã¢â¬â the ultimate miracle Ã¢â¬â and miracles could be performed only by a god. The ability of the woman to produce life from her womb made her sacred. A god. Intercourse was the revered union of the two halves of the human spirit Ã¢â¬â male and female Ã¢â¬â through which the male could find spiritual wholeness and communion with God. What you saw was not about sex, it was about spirituality. The Hieros Gamos ritual is not a perversion. It's a deeply sacrosanct ceremony.Ã¢â¬ His words seemed to strike a nerve. Sophie had been remarkably poised all evening, but now, for the first time, Langdon saw the aura of composure beginning to crack. Tears materialized in her eyes again, and she dabbed them away with her sleeve. He gave her a moment. Admittedly, the concept of sex as a pathway to God was mind-boggling at first. Langdon's Jewish students always looked flabbergasted when he first told them that the early Jewish tradition involved ritualistic sex. In the Temple, no less.Early Jews believed that the Holy of Holies in Solomon's Temple housed not only God but also His powerful female equal, Shekinah. Men seeking spiritual wholeness came to the Temple to visit priestesses Ã¢â¬â or hierodules Ã¢â¬â with whom they made love and experienced the divine through physical union. The Jewish tetragrammaton YHWH Ã¢â¬â the sacred name of God Ã¢â¬â in fact derived from Jehovah, an androgynous physical union between the masculine Jah and the pre-Hebraic name for Eve, Havah. Ã¢â¬Å"For the early Church,Ã¢â¬ Langdon explained in a soft voice,Ã¢â¬ mankind's use of sex to commune directly with God posed a serious threat to the Catholic power base. It left the Church out of the loop, undermining their self-proclaimed status as the sole conduit to God. For obvious reasons, they worked hard to demonize sex and recast it as a disgusting and sinful act. Other major religions did the same.Ã¢â¬ Sophie was silent, but Langdon sensed she was starting to understand her grandfather better. Ironically, Langdon had made this same point in a class lecture earlier this semester. Ã¢â¬Å"Is it surprising we feel conflicted about sex?Ã¢â¬ he asked his students. Ã¢â¬Å"Our ancient heritage and our very physiologies tell us sex is natural Ã¢â¬â a cherished route to spiritual fulfillment Ã¢â¬â and yet modern religion decries it as shameful, teaching us to fear our sexual desire as the hand of the devil.Ã¢â¬ Langdon decided not to shock his students with the fact that more than a dozen secret societies around the world Ã¢â¬â many of them quite influential Ã¢â¬â still practiced sex rites and kept the ancient traditions alive. Tom Cruise's character in the film Eyes Wide Shut discovered this the hard way when he sneaked into a private gathering of ultraelite Manhattanites only to find himself witnessing Hieros Gamos. Sadly, the filmmakers had gotten most of the specifics wrong, but the basic gist was there Ã¢â¬â a secret society communing to celebrate the magic of sexual union. Ã¢â¬Å"Professor Langdon?Ã¢â¬ A male student in back raised his hand, sounding hopeful. Ã¢â¬Å"Are you saying that instead of going to chapel, we should have more sex?Ã¢â¬ Langdon chuckled, not about to take the bait. From what he'd heard about Harvard parties, these kids were having more than enough sex. Ã¢â¬Å"Gentlemen,Ã¢â¬ he said, knowing he was on tender ground,Ã¢â¬ might I offer a suggestion for all of you. Without being so bold as to condone premarital sex, and without being so naive as to think you're all chaste angels, I will give you this bit of advice about your sex lives.Ã¢â¬ All the men in the audience leaned forward, listening intently. Ã¢â¬Å"The next time you find yourself with a woman, look in your heart and see if you cannot approach sex as a mystical, spiritual act. Challenge yourself to find that spark of divinity that man can only achieve through union with the sacred feminine.Ã¢â¬ The women smiled knowingly, nodding. The men exchanged dubious giggles and off-color jokes. Langdon sighed. College men were still boys. Sophie's forehead felt cold as she pressed it against the plane's window and stared blankly into the void, trying to process what Langdon had just told her. She felt a new regret well within her. Ten years.She pictured the stacks of unopened letters her grandfather had sent her. I will tell Robert everything.Without turning from the window, Sophie began to speak. Quietly. Fearfully. As she began to recount what had happened that night, she felt herself drifting backÃ¢â¬ ¦ alighting in the woods outside her grandfather's Normandy chateauÃ¢â¬ ¦ searching the deserted house in confusionÃ¢â¬ ¦ hearing the voices below herÃ¢â¬ ¦ and then finding the hidden door. She inched down the stone staircase, one step at a time, into that basement grotto. She could taste the earthy air. Cool and light. It was March. In the shadows of her hiding place on the staircase, she watched as the strangers swayed and chanted by flickering orange candles. I'm dreaming, Sophie told herself. This is a dream. What else could this be? The women and men were staggered, black, white, black, white. The women's beautiful gossamer gowns billowed as they raised in their right hands golden orbs and called out in unison,Ã¢â¬ I was withyou in the beginning, in the dawn of all that is holy, I bore you from the womb before the start of day.Ã¢â¬ The women lowered their orbs, and everyone rocked back and forth as if in a trance. They were revering something in the center of the circle. What are they looking at? The voices accelerated now. Louder. Faster. Ã¢â¬Å"The woman whom you behold is love!Ã¢â¬ The women called, raising their orbs again. The men responded,Ã¢â¬ She has her dwelling in eternity!Ã¢â¬ The chanting grew steady again. Accelerating. Thundering now. Faster. The participants stepped inward and knelt. In that instant, Sophie could finally see what they were all watching. On a low, ornate altar in the center of the circle lay a man. He was naked, positioned on his back, and wearing a black mask. Sophie instantly recognized his body and the birthmark on his shoulder. She almost cried out. Grand-pere! This image alone would have shocked Sophie beyond belief, and yet there was more. Straddling her grandfather was a naked woman wearing a white mask, her luxuriant silver hair flowing out behind it. Her body was plump, far from perfect, and she was gyrating in rhythm to the chanting Ã¢â¬â making love to Sophie's grandfather. Sophie wanted to turn and run, but she couldn't. The stone walls of the grotto imprisoned her as the chanting rose to a fever pitch. The circle of participants seemed almost to be singing now, the noise rising in crescendo to a frenzy. With a sudden roar, the entire room seemed to erupt in climax. Sophie could not breathe. She suddenly realized she was quietly sobbing. She turned and staggered silently up the stairs, out of the house, and drove trembling back to Paris. CHAPTER 75 The chartered turboprop was just passing over the twinkling lights of Monaco when Aringarosa hung up on Fache for the second time. He reached for the airsickness bag again but felt too drained even to be sick. Just let it be over! Fache's newest update seemed unfathomable, and yet almost nothing tonight made sense anymore. What is going on? Everything had spiraled wildly out of control. What have I gotten Silas into? What have I gotten myself into! On shaky legs, Aringarosa walked to the cockpit. Ã¢â¬Å"I need to change destinations.Ã¢â¬ The pilot glanced over his shoulder and laughed. Ã¢â¬Å"You're joking, right?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No. I have to get to London immediately.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Father, this is a charter flight, not a taxi.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I will pay you extra, of course. How much? London is only one hour farther north and requires almost no change of direction, so Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬Å"It's not a question of money, Father, there are other issues.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Ten thousand euro. Right now.Ã¢â¬ The pilot turned, his eyes wide with shock. Ã¢â¬Å"How much? What kind of priest carries that kind of cash?Ã¢â¬ Aringarosa walked back to his black briefcase, opened it, and removed one of the bearer bonds. He handed it to the pilot. Ã¢â¬Å"What is this?Ã¢â¬ the pilot demanded. Ã¢â¬Å"A ten-thousand-euro bearer bond drawn on the Vatican Bank.Ã¢â¬ The pilot looked dubious.Ã¢â¬ It's the same as cash.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Only cash is cash,Ã¢â¬ the pilot said, handing the bond back. Aringarosa felt weak as he steadied himself against the cockpit door. Ã¢â¬Å"This is a matter of life or death. You must help me. I need to get to London.Ã¢â¬ The pilot eyed the bishop's gold ring. Ã¢â¬Å"Real diamonds?Ã¢â¬ Aringarosa looked at the ring. Ã¢â¬Å"I could not possibly part with this.Ã¢â¬ The pilot shrugged, turning and focusing back out the windshield. Aringarosa felt a deepening sadness. He looked at the ring. Everything it represented was about to be lost to the bishop anyway. After a long moment, he slid the ring from his finger and placed it gently on the instrument panel. Aringarosa slunk out of the cockpit and sat back down. Fifteen seconds later, he could feel the pilot banking a few more degrees to the north. Even so, Aringarosa's moment of glory was in shambles. It had all begun as a holy cause. A brilliantly crafted scheme. Now, like a house of cards, it was collapsing in on itselfÃ¢â¬ ¦ and the end was nowhere in sight. CHAPTER 76 Langdon could see Sophie was still shaken from recounting her experience of Hieros Gamos. For his part, Langdon was amazed to have heard it. Not only had Sophie witnessed the full-blown ritual, but her own grandfather had been the celebrantÃ¢â¬ ¦ the Grand Master of the Priory of Sion. It was heady company. Da Vinci, Botticelli, Isaac Newton, Victor Hugo, Jean CocteauÃ¢â¬ ¦JacquesSauniere. Ã¢â¬Å"I don't know what else I can tell you,Ã¢â¬ Langdon said softly. Sophie's eyes were a deep green now, tearful. Ã¢â¬Å"He raised me like his own daughter.Ã¢â¬ Langdon now recognized the emotion that had been growing in her eyes as they spoke. It was remorse. Distant and deep. Sophie Neveu had shunned her grandfather and was now seeing him in an entirely different light. Outside, the dawn was coming fast, its crimson aura gathering off the starboard. The earth was still black beneath them. Ã¢â¬Å"Victuals, my dears?Ã¢â¬ Teabing rejoined them with a flourish, presenting several cans of Coke and a box of old crackers. He apologized profusely for the limited fare as he doled out the goods. Ã¢â¬Å"Our friend the monk isn't talking yet,Ã¢â¬ he chimed, Ã¢â¬Å"but give him time.Ã¢â¬ He bit into a cracker and eyed the poem. Ã¢â¬Å"So, my lovely, any headway?Ã¢â¬ He looked at Sophie. Ã¢â¬Å"What is your grandfather trying to tell us here? Where the devil is this headstone? This headstone praised by Templars.Ã¢â¬ Sophie shook her head and remained silent. While Teabing again dug into the verse, Langdon popped a Coke and turned to the window, his thoughts awash with images of secret rituals and unbroken codes. A headstone praised by Templarsis the key.He took a long sip from the can. A headstone praised by Templars.The cola was warm. The dissolving veil of night seemed to evaporate quickly, and as Langdon watched the transformation, he saw a shimmering ocean stretch out beneath them. The English Channel.It wouldn't be long now. Langdon willed the light of day to bring with it a second kind of illumination, but the lighter it became outside, the further he felt from the truth. He heard the rhythms of iambic pentameter and chanting, Hieros Gamos and sacred rites, resonating with the rumble of the jet. A headstone praised by Templars. The plane was over land again when a flash of enlightenment struck him. Langdon set down his empty can of Coke hard. Ã¢â¬Å"You won't believe this,Ã¢â¬ he said, turning to the others. Ã¢â¬Å"The Templar headstone Ã¢â¬â I figured it out.Ã¢â¬ Teabing's eyes turned to saucers. Ã¢â¬Å"You know where the headstone is?Ã¢â¬ Langdon smiled. Ã¢â¬Å"Not where it is. What it is.Ã¢â¬ Sophie leaned in to hear. Ã¢â¬Å"I think the headstone references a literal stone head,Ã¢â¬ Langdon explained, savoring the familiar excitement of academic breakthrough. Ã¢â¬Å"Not a grave marker.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"A stone head?Ã¢â¬ Teabing demanded. Sophie looked equally confused.Ã¢â¬ Leigh,Ã¢â¬ Langdon said, turning,Ã¢â¬ during the Inquisition, the Church accused the Knights Templar of all kinds of heresies, right?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Correct. They fabricated all kinds of charges. Sodomy, urination on the cross, devil worship, quite a list.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"And on that list was the worship of false idols, right? Specifically, the Church accused the Templars of secretly performing rituals in which they prayed to a carved stone headÃ¢â¬ ¦ the pagan god Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬Å"Baphomet!Ã¢â¬ Teabing blurted. Ã¢â¬Å"My heavens, Robert, you're right! A headstone praised by Templars!Ã¢â¬ Langdon quickly explained to Sophie that Baphomet was a pagan fertility god associated with the creative force of reproduction. Baphomet's head was represented as that of a ram or goat, a common symbol of procreation and fecundity. The Templars honored Baphomet by encircling a stone replica of his head and chanting prayers. Ã¢â¬Å"Baphomet,Ã¢â¬ Teabing tittered. Ã¢â¬Å"The ceremony honored the creative magic of sexual union, but Pope Clement convinced everyone that Baphomet's head was in fact that of the devil. The Pope used the head of Baphomet as the linchpin in his case against the Templars.Ã¢â¬ Langdon concurred. The modern belief in a horned devil known as Satan could be traced back to Baphomet and the Church's attempts to recast the horned fertility god as a symbol of evil. The Church had obviously succeeded, although not entirely. Traditional American Thanksgiving tables still bore pagan, horned fertility symbols. The cornucopia orÃ¢â¬ horn of plentyÃ¢â¬ was a tribute to Baphomet's fertility and dated back to Zeus being suckled by a goat whose horn broke off and magically filled with fruit. Baphomet also appeared in group photographs when some joker raised two fingers behind a friend's head in the V-symbol of horns; certainly few of the pranksters realized their mocking gesture was in fact advertising their victim's robust sperm count. Ã¢â¬Å"Yes, yes,Ã¢â¬ Teabing was saying excitedly. Ã¢â¬Å"Baphomet must be what the poem is referring to. A headstone praised by Templars.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Okay,Ã¢â¬ Sophie said, Ã¢â¬Å"but if Baphomet is the headstone praised by Templars, then we have a new dilemma.Ã¢â¬ She pointed to the dials on the cryptex. Ã¢â¬Å"Baphomet has eight letters. We only have room for five.Ã¢â¬ Teabing grinned broadly. Ã¢â¬Å"My dear, this is where the Atbash Cipher comes into playÃ¢â¬ CHAPTER 77 Langdon was impressed. Teabing had just finished writing out the entire twenty-two-letter Hebrew alphabet Ã¢â¬â alef-beit Ã¢â¬â from memory. Granted, he'd used Roman equivalents rather than Hebrew characters, but even so, he was now reading through them with flawless pronunciation. A B G D H V Z Ch T Y K L M N S O P Tz Q R Sh Th Ã¢â¬Å"Alef, Beit, Gimel, Dalet, Hei, Vav, Zayin, Chet, Tet, Yud, Kaf, Lamed, Mem, Nun, Samech, Ayin, Pei, Tzadik, Kuf, Reish, Shin, and Tav.Ã¢â¬ Teabing dramatically mopped his brow and plowed on. Ã¢â¬Å"In formal Hebrew spelling, the vowel sounds are not written. Therefore, when we write the word Baphomet using the Hebrew alphabet, it will lose its three vowels in translation, leaving us Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬Å"Five letters,Ã¢â¬ Sophie blurted. Teabing nodded and began writing again. Ã¢â¬Å"Okay, here is the proper spelling of Baphomet inHebrew letters. I'll sketch in the missing vowels for clarity's sake. B a P V o M e Th Ã¢â¬Å"Remember, of course,Ã¢â¬ he added,Ã¢â¬ that Hebrew is normally written in the opposite direction, but we can just as easily use Atbash this way. Next, all we have to do is create our substitution scheme by rewriting the entire alphabet in reverse order opposite the original alphabet.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"There's an easier way,Ã¢â¬ Sophie said, taking the pen from Teabing. Ã¢â¬Å"It works for all reflectional substitution ciphers, including the Atbash. A little trick I learned at the Royal Holloway.Ã¢â¬ Sophie wrote the first half of the alphabet from left to right, and then, beneath it, wrote the second half, right to left. Ã¢â¬Å"Cryptanalysts call it the fold-over. Half as complicated. Twice as clean.Ã¢â¬ A B G D H V Z Ch T Y K Th Sh R Q Tz P O S N M L Teabing eyed her handiwork and chuckled. Ã¢â¬Å"Right you are. Glad to see those boys at the Holloway are doing their job.Ã¢â¬ Looking at Sophie's substitution matrix, Langdon felt a rising thrill that he imagined must have rivaled the thrill felt by early scholars when they first used the Atbash Cipher to decrypt the now famous Mystery of Sheshach.For years, religious scholars had been baffled by biblical references to a city called Sheshach.The city did not appear on any map nor in any other documents, and yet it was mentioned repeatedly in the Book of Jeremiah Ã¢â¬â the king of Sheshach, the city of Sheshach, the people of Sheshach. Finally, a scholar applied the Atbash Cipher to the word, and his results were mind-numbing. The cipher revealed that Sheshach was in fact a code word for another very well-known city. The decryption process was simple. Sheshach, in Hebrew, was spelled: Sh-Sh-K. Sh-Sh-K, when placed in the substitution matrix, became B-B-L. B-B-L, in Hebrew, spelled Babel. The mysterious city of Sheshach was revealed as the city of Babel, and a frenzy of biblical examination ensued. Within weeks, several more Atbash code words were uncovered in the Old Testament, unveiling myriad hidden meanings that scholars had no idea were there. Ã¢â¬Å"We're getting close,Ã¢â¬ Langdon whispered, unable to control his excitement. Ã¢â¬Å"Inches, Robert,Ã¢â¬ Teabing said. He glanced over at Sophie and smiled. Ã¢â¬Å"You ready?Ã¢â¬ She nodded.Ã¢â¬ Okay, Baphomet in Hebrew without the vowels reads: B-P-V-M-Th.Now we simply apply your Atbash substitution matrix to translate the letters into our five-letter password.Ã¢â¬ Langdon's heart pounded. B-P-V-M-Th.The sun was pouring through the windows now. He looked at Sophie's substitution matrix and slowly began to make the conversion. B is ShÃ¢â¬ ¦P is VÃ¢â¬ ¦ Teabing was grinning like a schoolboy at Christmas. Ã¢â¬Å"And the Atbash Cipher revealsÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ He stopped short. Ã¢â¬Å"Good God!Ã¢â¬ His face went white. Langdon's head snapped up. Ã¢â¬Å"What's wrong?Ã¢â¬ Sophie demanded. Ã¢â¬Å"You won't believe this.Ã¢â¬ Teabing glanced at Sophie. Ã¢â¬Å"Especially you.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"What do you mean?Ã¢â¬ she said.Ã¢â¬ This isÃ¢â¬ ¦ ingenious,Ã¢â¬ he whispered. Ã¢â¬Å"Utterly ingenious!Ã¢â¬ Teabing wrote again on the paper. Ã¢â¬Å"Drumroll, please. Here is your password.Ã¢â¬ He showed them what he had written. Sh-V-P-Y-A Sophie scowled. Ã¢â¬Å"What is it?Ã¢â¬ Langdon didn't recognize it either. Teabing's voice seemed to tremble with awe. Ã¢â¬Å"This, my friend, is actually an ancient word of wisdom.Ã¢â¬ Langdon read the letters again. An ancient word of wisdom frees this scroll.An instant later he got it. He had never seen this coming. Ã¢â¬Å"An ancient word of wisdom!Ã¢â¬ Teabing was laughing. Ã¢â¬Å"Quite literally!Ã¢â¬ Sophie looked at the word and then at the dial. Immediately she realized Langdon and Teabing had failed to see a serious glitch. Ã¢â¬Å"Hold on! This can't be the password,Ã¢â¬ she argued. Ã¢â¬Å"The cryptex doesn't have an Sh on the dial. It uses a traditional Roman alphabet.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Read the word,Ã¢â¬ Langdon urged. Ã¢â¬Å"Keep in mind two things. In Hebrew, the symbol for the sound Sh can also be pronounced as S, depending on the accent. Just as the letter P can be pronounced F.Ã¢â¬ SVFYA? she thought, puzzled. Ã¢â¬Å"Genius!Ã¢â¬ Teabing added. Ã¢â¬Å"The letter Vav is often a placeholder for the vowel sound O!Ã¢â¬ Sophie again looked at the letters, attempting to sound them out.Ã¢â¬ SÃ¢â¬ ¦ oÃ¢â¬ ¦ fÃ¢â¬ ¦ yÃ¢â¬ ¦ a.Ã¢â¬ She heard the sound of her voice, and could not believe what she had just said. Ã¢â¬Å"Sophia? This spells Sophia?Ã¢â¬ Langdon was nodding enthusiastically. Ã¢â¬Å"Yes! Sophia literally means wisdom in Greek. The root of your name, Sophie, is literally a Ã¢â¬Ëword of wisdom.'Ã¢â¬ Sophie suddenly missed her grandfather immensely. He encrypted the Priory keystone with my name.A knot caught in her throat. It all seemed so perfect. But as she turned her gaze to the five lettered dials on the cryptex, she realized a problem still existed. Ã¢â¬Å"But waitÃ¢â¬ ¦ the word Sophia has six letters.Ã¢â¬ Teabing's smile never faded. Ã¢â¬Å"Look at the poem again. Your grandfather wrote, Ã¢â¬ËAn ancient word of wisdom.' Ã¢â¬Å"Yes?Ã¢â¬ Teabing winked. Ã¢â¬Å"In ancient Greek, wisdom is spelled S-O-F-I-A.Ã¢â¬
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Running Head: Examining Business Failures Business Failure of WorldCom in the Light of Organizational Behavior Theories Abstract Business failures occur usually due to lack of organizational leadership and unethical practices prevalent within an organization. Managers and leaders tend to be a lighthouse for any organization and if they adopt unethical ways, then the entire organization suffer from extreme loss and disgrace. WorldComs bankruptcy scandal is a big example of business failure which was linked to leadership, management style and organizational behavior prevalent within the organization. The failure could not be attributed to poor financial position or downfall of telecommunication, but it was due to poor corporate governance and companys growth strategy through acquisitions. However, these drastic failures could have been predicted if organizational behavior theories and leadership and management styles were utilized properly. This paper discusses what failure was actually encountered by WorldCom and how several leadership techniques and organizational behavior techniques could have used to prevent the failure. WorldComs Business Failure WorldCom used fraudulent account practices for more than four years which lead the company towards the biggest bankruptcy in American history in 2002. WorldCom successfully acquired 65 companies and accumulated a debt of $41 billion. The company suffered a loss of $73.7 billion before it declared bankruptcy inShow MoreRelatedDavid Myers, Worldcom1778 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesIntroduction WorldCom was America s second largest telecom company in 2000 (The WorldCom Accounting Scandal, 2002). Making a modest beginning in the hinterland of Mississippi in 1983 with a meager capital of less than 100,000 USD it reached the pinnacle of corporate success reporting more than USD 39 billion in revenue and USD 150 million in MCAP (The WorldCom Accounting Scandal, 2002). In the process it became 42nd in the Fortune 500 list. Under the leadership of CEO Bernie Ebbers it grew rapidlyRead MoreGeneral Motors Cultural Issues Related On Leadership Transparency1789 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesshut down without warning. According to reports, the failure caused at least thirteen deaths stretching back to the year 2003 (Baldoni, 2014). It is understood that mistakes will happen from time to time, but operational transparency is key to avoiding mishaps and serious failures that result in death or even criminal charges. As the newly appointed CEO of General Motors, it now becomes my responsibility to change the culture of the business and improve the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s reputation and socialRead MoreIs Accounting Information Always Represent Fair And True Perspective?1960 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesAccounting is denoted as the language of business. There are two basic functions of accounting, one is the measurement of organizational activities and second is communication of these measurement with people in society. People in society need this information to make well informed decisions regarding companies in order to allocate resources (Williams et al., 2009). Furthermore, Mayer and Huinink (1990) argued that; in a society social entities (i.e. people/government/ creditors/ investors etc.)Read MoreEnron: An Ethics Case Study1834 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagessaid in this regard that a career without scandal is not a career at all. Rather than wasting time worrying about encountering such scandals, a good execu tive would be better-advised to focus all efforts toward making it through them when they come. Failure in this regard would, among other things, spell doom with respect to the existence of the company itself. Among the most disappointing and tragic examples of this is the case of World Championship Wrestling which, thanks to a combination of mismanagementRead MoreUnethical Behaviour12228 Words Ã |Ã 49 PagesThe Perfect Storm of LeadersÃ¢â¬â¢ Unethical Behavior: A Conceptual Framework Diane J. Chandler Regent University School of Divinity, United States Unethical behavior of leaders has consequences for leaders themselves, followers, and their respective organizations. After defining relevant terms including ethics, morality, and ethical and unethical leadership, a conceptual framework for the unethical behavior of leaders is proposed, which includes the three Ã¢â¬Å"perfect stormÃ¢â¬ dimensions of leaders, followersRead MoreCorrelation Between Corporate Transparency N Business Performance3603 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pagestransparency and business performance. Is there a relationship between good governance and on-going business practices? What criteria are or should be considered? Ranjitha Subramanya MBA 600 Capital University Ranjitha Subramanya MBA 600 Final paper 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS Contents Abstract Corporate governance Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) principles, objectives and standards. Transparency in doing business and its impact on the business performance. BackgroundRead MoreÃ¢â¬Å"Corporate Social Responsibility and Younger Generation EmployeesÃ¢â¬ 3503 Words Ã |Ã 15 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Corporate Social Responsibility and Younger Generation EmployeesÃ¢â¬ Authors: Mrs. Mrinal Sanjay Rao, Mr. Masarrat Raj Assistant Professor Student of PGDM (Finance) Sinhgad Institute of Business Administration and Research, Kondhwa (Bk), Pune. Abstract: Today when competition has reached its peak, anything that gives competitive advantage is a matter of concern for the corporations. In such a situation, when businesses have realized that they owe something back to the societyRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 PagesOrganizational Behavior This page intentionally left blank Organizational Behavior EDITION 15 Stephen P. Robbins Ã¢â¬âSan Diego State University Timothy A. Judge Ã¢â¬âUniversity of Notre Dame i3iEi35Bj! Boston Columbus Indianapolis New York San Francisco Upper Saddle River Amsterdam Cape Town Dubai London Madrid Milan Munich Paris Montreal Toronto Delhi Mexico City Sao Paulo Sydney Hong Kong Seoul Singapore Taipei Tokyo Editorial Director: Sally Yagan Director of Editorial Services:Read MoreManagement Course: MbaÃ¢Ëâ10 General Management215330 Words Ã |Ã 862 PagesManagement Course: MBAÃ¢Ëâ10 General Management California College for Health Sciences MBA Program McGraw-Hill/Irwin abc McGrawÃ¢ËâHill Primis ISBN: 0Ã¢Ëâ390Ã¢Ëâ58539Ã¢Ëâ4 Text: Effective Behavior in Organizations, Seventh Edition Cohen Harvard Business Review Finance Articles The Power of Management Capital FeigenbaumÃ¢ËâFeigenbaum International Management, Sixth Edition HodgettsÃ¢ËâLuthansÃ¢ËâDoh Contemporary Management, Fourth Edition JonesÃ¢ËâGeorge Driving Shareholder Value MorinÃ¢ËâJarrell LeadershipRead MoreThe Effects of Ownership Structure, Board Effectiveness and Managerial Discretion on Performance of Listed Companies in Kenya27922 Words Ã |Ã 112 PagesPhilosophy (Ph D) in Business Administration, School of Business, University of Nairobi, Kenya. 2008. DECLARATION I declare that this thesis is my original work and, to the best of my knowledge, has not been submitted to any university for a degree. ONGORE VINCENT OKOTH Date REG. NUMBER: D80/8987/2001 This thesis has been submitted with our authority as the candidateÃ¢â¬â¢s appointed university supervisors. PROF. PETER O. KÃ¢â¬â¢OBONYO, Ph D Date Department of Business Administration
Friday, December 27, 2019
Resilience Theory: A Literature Review with special chapters on deployment resilience in military families resilience theory in social work by Adrian DuPlessis VanBreda October 2001 RESILIENCE THEORY: A LITERATURE REVIEW Author: Title: Date: Report No: Institution: Adrian DuPlessis VanBreda Resilience Theory: A Literature Review October 2001 MPI/R/104/12/1/4, dd October 2001 South African Military Health Service, Military Psychological Institute, Social Work Research Development City: E-mail: Address: Pretoria, South Africa Adrian@vanbreda.org Major A.D. Van Breda Military Psychological Institute Private Bag X02 Gezina 0031 South Africa Resilience Theory: A Literature Review Page i CHAPTER TWO: INDIVIDUAL RESILIENCE 2.1Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬Å"Being able to selectively disengage from the home and engage with those outside, and then to reengage. Ã¢â¬Å"Being internally oriented and having an internal locus of control. Ã¢â¬Å"The absence of serious illness during adolescence.Ã¢â¬ The capacity of an individual to cope during difficulty is central to their resilience. Pearlin and Schooler (1982, p. 109) define coping as Ã¢â¬Å"the thing that people do to avoid being harmed by lifestrain.Ã¢â¬ These authors conducted 2300 interviews in the urbanized Chicago area and through content analysis of these interviews identified three main types of coping that serve distinct functions, viz: Ã¢â¬Å"Responses that change the situation out of which strainful experience arisesÃ¢â¬ (Pearlin Schooler, 1982, p. 115). Interestingly, their research found that this type of coping was not widely used. Several reasons are offered to explain this. Page 6 Resilience Theory: A Literature Review People must first recognize the situation which is causing the stress; something which is not always possible. directly. efforts. It is interesting to note that much of resilience theory and research has revolved around situations which are impervious to change efforts, such as being in a concentration camp, having a terminal illness, being in a war, growing up in poverty, etc. In such circumstances, little can be done to directly change the situation causing the stress. Rather, other forms of coping are required. Ã¢â¬Å"Responses thatShow MoreRelatedConcept Analysis: Resilience Essay2749 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesResilience: A Concept Analysis The concept resilience has been the interest of many disciplines over the years, and is utilized by all people at some point in their lives. Concepts are building blocks that construct theories. A concept analysis will clarify the meaning, theoretical and operational definitions of the concept, for use in theory or research (Walker amp; Avant, 2011). The research on resiliency has increased and today, policy and practice stakeholders have interest on its impactRead MoreCognitive Resilience in Adulthood9822 Words Ã |Ã 40 Pages[[missing key: loadingAnimation]] The full text may take 40-60 seconds to translate; larger documents may take longer. Cancel * Turn on search term navigationTurn on search term navigation * Jump to first hit Headnote ABSTRACT A resilience framework for understanding cognitive aging implies a search for factors that buffer against existing risk, enabling one to thrive in what might otherwise be adverse circumstances. The cascade of biological processes associated with senescence andRead MoreThe Choices For This Study Of A Mixed Design Approach3028 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesCresswell Plano Clark, 2010). This pragmatic approach was chosen to overcome the problems with having few earlier studies to refer to; plus, a convergent type design would allow this author to gain insights into the background and foundation of the resilience industry, improving the authors understanding of the topic, or the What? (Hall, 2012). This is in itself a form of descriptive research and provided a well-grounded situational picture of the current relationship between the practitioner and theRead MoreThe Well Being Of Children Impacted By A Parent With Cancer1527 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswith Cancer: An Integrative ReviewÃ¢â¬ was published in collaboration with Julia Morris, Angelita Martini, and David Preen. In the summer of 2016, the three authors finalized their research project and published it in the scientific journal, Supportive Care in Cancer. Julia Morris, Angelita Martini, and David Preen are all editors in the Supportive Care in Cancer Medical Journal and also affiliated with the Ã¢â¬Å"Centre for Health Services Research School of Population HealthÃ¢â¬ at the University of WesternRead MoreA Critical Evaluation of My Companys Approach to Organisational Agility and Resilience2405 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesTeam24Ã¢â¬â¢s approach to organisational agility and resilience; looking specifically at the promotion of flexible working practices. It explores the benefits to the organisation of championing flexible working opportunities within the company and demonstrates how enabling more people to work flexibly improves their lives by providing a better balance between work and outside commitments. An organisations approach to organisational agility and resilience can be gauged in part by looking at flexibilityRead MoreReflection1806 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesAustinÃ¢â¬â¢s Department of Human Development and Family Sciences. Among RussellÃ¢â¬â¢s other credentials, he is an expert on LGBTQ youth with a concentration in their health and rights (personal communication, September 22, 2017). He presented at the University of Virginia Curry School of Education on his research pertaining to LGBTQ youth health and resilience on September 22, 2017. This talk was sponsored by Youth-Nex, which is a center at the Curry School of Education that works to promote effective youth developmentRead MoreHow Psychologists Are Addressing The Connection Between Green Outdoor Spaces And Student Behavior1892 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThis literature review examines how psychologists are addressing the connection between green outdoor spaces and student behavior. Researchers from many different fields of psychology, clinical, developmental, behavioral, and ecological, have been looking into stress relief for decades, but have only recently in the early 1990s begun looking into the interaction between green outdoor space and its restorative effects on student stress, anxiety, attention and depression. We will review the growingRead MoreThe Effects Of Parental Incarceration On Children3942 Words Ã |Ã 16 Pagesand family structure uncertainty (Phillips, Erkanli, Keeler, Costello Angold, 2006). Children whose parents are incarcerated are more likely to be raised in homes by parents with low levels of educational achievements, substance abuse and mental health issues; factors which contribute to negative outcomes for children (Katz, 2011). Study indicates that one of the most current ways to improve problem conduct in at-risk youth is through one-on-one mentorship groups, Big Brothers, Big Sisters, foundRead MoreClimate Change And Its Effects On Economic Growth Essay8671 Words Ã |Ã 35 PagesObjectives of the study Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. 13 1.9 Research questions Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. 14 1.10 Significance of the study Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦...Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ 14 CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. 16 2.0 Introduction Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..Ã¢â¬ ¦.. 16 2.1 Conceptual Framework Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. 16 2.2 Empirical Literature Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. 22 CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ 25 3.0 Introduction Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ 25 3.3 Model Specification Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Read MoreAn Evalution of the Attachment Theory Essay13038 Words Ã |Ã 53 PagesDissertation Social Work BA (HONS) Manchester Metropolitan University Tutor: Pauline Black CONTENTS Pages Abstract 3 Acknowledgements
Thursday, December 19, 2019
As a fan of classical music, I decided to attend the Mutter Bronfman Harrell Trio. Which consists of Anne-Sophie Mutter on Violin, Yefim Bronfman on Piano, and Lynn Harrell on Cello. Their powerful bond within the music, grasped my attention. I have heard many single instruments, but never the violin, piano, and cello all in one. It was defiantly a new and exciting experience, which I would like to be part of again. The group name is The Mutter Bronfman Harrell Trio, which like I mention before consists of Ms. Mutter, Mr. Bronfman, and Mr. Harrell. The venue was located in the city of Northridge, 18111 Nordhoff St, Northridge, CA 91330, on the campus of California State University Northridge (CSUN) in the Valley Performing Arts Center. The performance was held on the 16th of April, 2015 at 7:30 p.m. The performances was based on two trios. One in B-flat major, Op. 97 (Ã¢â¬Å"ArchdukeÃ¢â¬ ) by Ludwig Van Beethoven, and A minor, Op. 50 (Ã¢â¬Å"In Memory of a Great ArtistÃ¢â¬ ) by Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Lynn Harrell, is a well-known Cello player who has toured in many places like Australia, New Zealand, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and many more places around the United States (U.S.). Anne-Sophie Mutter, who is known for being one of the greatest violinists for over 35 years, has won four-time Grammy Awards with Deutsche Grammophon, for their outstanding collaboration. Yefim Bronfman, Piano, has also been nominated for a Grammy Award for his Deutsche Grammophon recording in 2009.Show MoreRelatedMusic and Personality1230 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMusic andÃ Personality What Does Your Taste In Music Reveal About YourÃ Personality? Could the playlists lurking on your iPod really reveal information about your personality? Research conducted by psychologists Jason Rentfrow and Sam Gosling suggests that knowing the type of music you listen to can actually lead to surprisingly accurate predictions about your personality. For example, researchers found that people could make accurate judgments about an individuals levels of extraversionRead MoreReview Of David M. Greenberg Et Al Divided People And Their Musical Choices814 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesYour Choice of Music Can Reveal Your Personality OneÃ¢â¬â¢s taste in music is at the top of the list when it comes to topics that can cause a heater argument. Musical preferences are sacred to most people and we tend to divide into small tribes over music, considering the other tribes as less sophisticated. Interestingly, your music choices are not a random grouping Ã¢â¬â your tribe isnÃ¢â¬â¢t determined by where your friends go. Instead, your personality and the music you like are interlinked, both influencingRead MoreConcert Paper1206 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesOne By definition, music refers to an art whose medium is sound and silence. On the other hand, art refers to a skill, being able to do something in a way that the majority will appreciate. It is acquired through knowledge and talent too. In this context therefore, I am going to give insights on various aspects of music giving major attention to classical music as the major point of interest and its due application in real life concert I attended. Classical music is specific to its originRead MoreMusic Can Help Us Boost Our Abilities And Concentration1096 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMusic can help us boost our abilities and concentration. In this article we have chosen 8 most important questions how music affects brain. Image Credit 1. Can music make us happier? Music is as much expressive as normal human language. Since music carries much more powerful emotional charge than the real-life events, modern psychologists use it for the therapy. It can be explained by positive impact on the human nervous system. Emotions that rise during the process of listening to the musicRead MoreThe Use and Overuse of Music Essay1167 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesTechnological advances in society have helped shape classical music. Music has become more and more accessible over the years. Formerly only being heard in concert, Classical music can now be heard over the internet through downloads, videos, mp3s, streaming etc. This means that the audience for the music which was once small has expanded greatly. People stumble across videos on youtube and become aware of music they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t realise existed. Radio was developed during the end of the 19th centuryRead MoreThe 19th Century Virtuoso910 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesspecial effects can be heard in virtuosic music . The goal of all virtuosos is to achieve fame and fortune. Performing in front of upper-class audiences and the fact that virtuosic performers composed their own music typically helped them achieve this goal. Fans of virtuosic musicians valued the excitement in watching their spectacular performances, whereas those who were not fans had negative connotations of these kinds of musicians and believed that their music sounded empty. The height of the virtuosoRead MoreThe Effects Of Music On The Body And Mind1684 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEffect of Music on the Body and Mind Ã¢â¬Å"Without music, life would be a mistake.Ã¢â¬ -Friedrich Nietzsche Music has a bigger impact on the mind than what most people think. It can affect our personalities, emotions, and even the brain. Some people consider music to be just a form of entertainment, but it is considerably more than that. Music affects the brain in many ways. The personality of a person can be predicted by what song genre they choose to listen to. Different genres of music and their characteristicsRead MoreClassical Conditioning Paper1279 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesClassical Conditioning Suzanne Gilbert PSY/390 July 24, 2011 Dr. Tyra Ripley CERTIFICATE OF ORIGINALITY IÃ certify thatÃ the attachedÃ paper is my original work. I am familiar with, and acknowledge my responsibilities which are part of, the University of Phoenix Student Code of Academic Integrity. I affirm that any section of the paper which has been submitted previously is attributed and cited as such, and that this paper has not been submitted by anyone else.Ã I have identified the sourcesRead More Music Essay936 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswith the Italian opera. One of his most famous peras is The Escape from the Seraglio, in which the heroine was named after his wife Constanze. Although many of the people in Vienna greatly praised this opera, Mozarts patron, Emperor Joseph, was not a fan of the style. Even though Mozart had his streaks of bad luck and his family was often in debt, his marriage to Costanze held many moments of happiness. On Sunday mornings, Haydn and two other musician friends from Vienna would show up at Mozarts residenceRead MoreCosÃ ¬ Fan Tutte Essay1527 Word s Ã |Ã 7 PagesCosÃ ¬ Fan Tutte, ossia La scuola degli amanti, or more familiarly known as CosÃ ¬ Fan Tutte, is one of MozartÃ¢â¬â¢s last operas, translated as Ã¢â¬Å"Women are all alike, or The School of Lovers.Ã¢â¬ Being named as such, the principal theme of this opera is the fickleness and infidelity of women. The libretto of this piece was written by Lorenzo da Ponte, who was also the librettist for Don Giovanni and La nozze de Figaro, two other renowned operas of MozartÃ¢â¬â¢s.1 This opera was first performed in Vienna at the Burgtheater